The Ghosts In Our Machine



In 2010, there was 600,838,992 tonnes of cow milk produced worldwide, a 7% increase since 2006.
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

After 4 years in the dairy industry cows are considered “spent” and sent to slaughter.
Source: Joy, Melanie. Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs Eat Pigs and Wear Cows. San Francisco: Conari Press, 2010.

Each year, one million male calves are the unwanted by-products of the dairy industry in the USA. They may be sold for as little as $50 per head to veal producers.
Source: Joy, Melanie. Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs Eat Pigs and Wear Cows. San Francisco: Conari Press, 2010.


In 2011, 2,771 beagles were used in research in the UK, primarily for human medicine or dentistry.
Source:    Home Office

In 2010, approximately 65,000 dogs were used in research, testing and teaching in the USA.
Source: United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

The USA and Japan are the main users of dogs in research and testing.
Source:  (2004) Refining dog husbandry and care – Eighth report of the BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement. Laboratory Animals, 38. S1-S94.


Fur accessories, fur clothing, and fur-trimmed footwear sales are steadily on the rise.
Source:  Swiss Animal Protection

In 2011, the global production of mink and fox farming increased by 6% with a total of 57 million pelts.

Source:  European Fur Breeders’ Association Annual Report 2011

The biggest exporter of fur is Europe. The biggest importer of fur is China.

Source: International Fur Trade Federation


The Association of Zoos and Aquariums state that annually they “contribute more than $16 billion to the U.S. economy.”

Source: Association of Zoos and Aquariums

Worldwide, more than 100 freestanding aquariums have been opened since the early 1990s, representing an investment of hundreds of millions of dollars.

Source: World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

There are an estimated 10,000-12,000 zoos and wild animal displays in the world. Approximately 5% are accredited by professional associations.

Source: Rob Laidlaw, Executive Director Zoocheck


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