The Ghosts In Our Machine

Animals Used for Entertainment





Humans have kept wild animals captive dating back to 1250 B.C. Modern zoos and aquaria claim to be educational destinations that contribute to conservation efforts, however, despite these claims, nonhuman animals held captive in zoos and aquaria suffer. For example, big cats pace back and forth; elephants rock side to side while standing stationary, cetaceans float motionless at the surface of the water. They suffer physically, some resort to self-mutilation brought on by prolonged boredom and distress. In many worldwide facilities animals are deprived of privacy, are on display, and engage in entertainment activities with food being a reward. Despite the absence of predators, animals in captivity frequently live shorter lives than their wild counterparts.



Rodeos are responsible for injuries ranging from minor to life threatening, mostly not visible from the distance of the bleachers. Injuries may include sprains, broken bones, muscle pulls, saddle blisters, spur and flank strap wounds. Rodeo associations do not disclose animal injuries and deaths, and animal cruelty investigators are only able to attend a small percentage of rodeos each year.

fpo circus


Circuses using animals are becoming less and less popular thanks to successful animal advocacy campaigns. The vast majority of circuses using animals employ violent and/or stressful tactics by their trainers who use whips, tight collars, muzzles, electric prods, bull-hooks and other tools of the trade to force animals to perform. Lions, tigers, elephants, bears, domestic animals and others, endure confinement, deprivation and stressful performance schedules. The tricks the animals are forced to learn are done through intensive training with incessant repetition, and unnatural uncomfortable exercises. The animals suffer psychological torment due to confinement and travel, and are often victim to mental illnesses. Circus animals can be killed or abandoned when they become too old or ill to perform. Alternatively, they will be sold to other circuses, private exotic animal collections and even to laboratories for research.



Horse drawn carriages are still used in major cities in the world, such as New York and in old Quebec, as a romantic and tourist attraction. But the realities are cruel. Horses are highly sensitive skittish animals who are easily spooked, terrified of sudden noises. They are forced to toil all weather extremes, dodge traffic, and pound the pavement for many hours a day. It is widely documented that horses have dropped dead from heatstroke after working in scorching summer heat and humidity, and can suffer debilitating leg problems. Horses in this industry will often pull carriages until they are too worn out at which point they are often sent to the slaughterhouse.

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